I learned two things from finding this guide on the Microsoft site: 1.) Someone at Microsoft actually knows something about typography. 2.) That person also has a sense of humor. 3.)That person also seems to be English, as you’ll see in the first paragraph.
It’s titled “A DISAGREEABLY FACETIOUS TYPE GLOSSARY” but is actually the best intro to fonts and typographic concepts I’ve seen. Very good reading for students and newbie graphic designers.
Somewhat unrelated, I came across this lovely blog archive richly populated with typography links. One could (wisely) spend a lot of time here.